What’s Inside Your Mouth?

open mouthHow much do you really know about your teeth? Keep reading to learn more about the 4 types of teeth in your mouth, the many parts of each tooth, and keeping your mouth healthy.

You have four kinds of teeth: the incisors, the canines, the premolars, and the molars.

The incisors are the teeth in the front of your mouth. Incisors are mostly used for biting. There are four incisors on the top of your mouth and four on the bottom.

The canines are the sharper, pointed teeth on each side of your incisors. These teeth are used for gripping and tearing pieces of food. There four canine teeth: two on the top row and two on the bottom row.

The pre-molars are large, flat teeth that are used for tearing and crushing food. Most adults have eight pre-molars evenly split between the top and bottom row

The molars are the larger, flatter teeth that sit in the back of your mouth. Most adults have twelve molars, including wisdom teeth. These are used for chewing, crushing, and grinding food.

While you have four different kinds of teeth, each tooth is made up of the same parts, whether it is a canine or a pre-molar. The main parts of the tooth include:

  • The crown: the visible part of your tooth above the gums
  • The root: the thinner, longer part of your tooth that you can’t see
  • The enamel: the hard white coating on the outside of your tooth
  • The dentin: the softer material that makes up the bulk of the tooth
  • The pulp: the bundle of nerves and blood vessels at the core of the tooth
  • Cementum and periodontal ligament: these hold your tooth in place and help it attach to the jaw.

Keeping each part of your tooth healthy is relatively simple, but it takes some effort. In most cases, good oral hygiene habits like brushing and flossing your teeth are a good start. It also helps to eat a balanced diet so your teeth get the nutrients they need to stay healthy.

Be sure to visit your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings. Your dentist can catch problems before they become serious and clean your teeth more thoroughly than you can at home. Contact O’Brien Dental Care today.

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